Rev Med Chil. Sep;(9) Epub Nov [Prevalence and epidemiology of Loxosceles laeta bite. Analysis of consultations to a poison control. In the present study we show that the more potent venom containing the Class 1 SMase D from Loxosceles laeta, in addition to increasing the. A South American brown spider (Loxosceles laeta). L. laeta is one of three species whose venom was tested by a University of Arizona (UA)-led research team.
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All have six eyes arranged in three groups of two dyads and some are brownish with a darker brown characteristic violin marking on the cephalothorax. According to one study, the venom of the Chilean recluse along with the six-eyed sand spider Hexophthalma hahnicontains an order of magnitude more of this substance than that of other sicariid spiders such as the brown recluse.
Thus many bites occur when a spider is trapped in a shirt or pant sleeve. There are, however, some remedies currently being researched.
Western Journal of Medicine. Each female can produce up to laetq egg sacs in its life, with between fifty and one hundred and fifty eggs in each.
Most bites are unremarkable or mild. Skin wounds are common and infections will lead to necrotic wounds. Many necrotic lesions in the northwestern United States have been attributed to spider bite.
Andrews’ Diseases of the Skin: Reports of presumptive brown recluse spider bites reinforce improbable diagnoses in regions of North America where the spider is not endemic such as Florida, Pennsylvania, and California.
Poisoning Toxicity Overdosing T36—T65— Loxosceles spiders, like Hexophthalma species, have potent tissue-destroying venoms containing the dermonecrotic agent, sphingomyelinase Dwhich is otherwise found only in a few pathogenic bacteria. University of Alabama at Birmingham.
CS1 Finnish-language sources fi Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles containing Spanish-language text Articles containing Portuguese-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with unsourced statements from August No cases of loxoscelism were registered in areas located southern than the Xth region of Chile.
Erroneous attribution of dermonecrotic lesions to brown recluse or hobo spider bites in Canada.
It is present in all recluse species to varying degrees and not all are equivalent. Because of this, anti-venoms are not being developed more widely. Explicit use of et al. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 23 January Many species of this genus can live for very long times without food or water. The population must be educated about the clinical signs of spider bite to seek early and adequate medical treatment.
Annals of Emergency Medicine.
Loxosceles laeta – Wikipedia
The Chilean recluse L. The white-tailed spiderfound principally in Australia, was formerly blamed for a series of illnesses including necrotic arachnidism. However, many lesser known species of the Loxosceles genus are believed to have similar venoms. Overgenomen van ” https: Rarely, the venom is carried by the bloodstreamcausing red blood cell destruction. There were no fatalities attributed to loxoscelism. Of 2, telephonic consultations with suspected loxoscelism, the diagnosis was confirmed in Application of an ice pack helps as first aidbecause the venom is more active at high temperatures.
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