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Common name: Indrajao • Assamese: dhulkari, dudkhuri • Bengali: kurchi, কুটজ kutaja • Gujarati: કડવો ઇન્દ્રજવ kadavo indrajav • Hindi: कडवा इंद्रजव. Echites pubescens Buch.-Ham. in Trans. Linn. Soc. (). E. antidysenterica (L.) Roxb. in Flemm. in As. Res. (), partly, as to specimens. Holarrhena pubescens. Photo: Colin Wenham Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve. Holarrhena pubescens. Photo: Bart Wursten Garura section of Mazowe River Game.

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The stem bark is listed in the Pharmacopoeia of India.

Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Holarrhena pubescens

Large shrub with elongated thin branches, wound drips with white sap, flowers, long tubular, white and fragrant. Sentery Rose Bay. It is used to make small articles such as combs, picture frames, carved boxes, toys, spoons, knives, walking sticks and beads, and sometimes for furniture and ploughs.

Juvenile plants are more susceptible to damage by fire than older ones. Natural reproduction is abundant owing to regular and copious seeding from an holarfhena age, comparative immunity of the plant to damage by animals and its power of recovery from injury.

Holarrhena pubescens

Application of this herb is useful in Rh. Tree species diversity in tropical forests of Barak valley in Assam, India Desc: Bark and seeds are an excellent cure for chronic dysentery. Fruits mature a few months after flowering, but do not dehisce until 3—4 months later. Holarrhena pubescens is indigenous in the eastern part of tropical Africa and in tropical Asia from India to Vietnam.


Although slow in action compared with emetine, it is less toxic and can be administered orally. Journal of Basic Microbiology 45 2: Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, fragrant; pedicel 0.

Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India Desc: Click on “show more” to view them.

Moist deciduous and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains. Tree Height 6 m. May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. The fresh juice of bark is considered good to check the diarrhoea.

The bark is used externally in case of skin troubles.

Several other steroidal alkaloids also show antibacterial and antifungal activities. User Group specific search options Title. Quina, erva do Malabar Po. It is a medicinal plant in Ayurveda.

Holarrhena pubescens Wall. ex | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Antimicrobial evaluation of some medicinal plants for their anti-enteric potential against multi-drug resistant Salmonella typhi. The main alkaloid of the stem bark and root bark is conessine; other compounds are norconessine kurchineconessimine, kurchamine, kurchessine, kurcholessine, conimine, conamine and holarrhenine.

Flowers have five white petals cm long which turn creamish yellow as they pubescene. There are 16 news article citations related to Holarrhena pubescens Wall. Alkaloids from the bark of Holarrhena pubescens. There are citation in scholarly articles related to Holarrhena pubescens Wall. In southern Africa an infusion holarrena the powdered root is taken to treat constipation, asthma, abdominal pains and infertility.


India Biodiversity Portal

Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. One of its botanical synonyms Holarrhena antidysenterica says it all. Efficient plant regeneration in Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall.

A hot decoction of the stem bark is used as a gargle to treat toothache. The lateritic plateaux typical of the midlands between the Western Ghats and the coastal plains of There is some trade through internet, mainly from India.

Structural and compositional variations in undisturbed and disturbed tropical forests of Bhuban hills Bolarrhena vitro plant regeneration in Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall. Although Holarrhena pubescens has been known as a medicinal plant since historic times, data on its production and international trade are scarce.

Holarrhena pubescens sheds its leaves at the end of the dry season and new leaves appear at the beginning of the rainy season. The present study was conducted to analyze tree species diversity in the tropical forests of the Ea Conessine was found to possess a wide range of disruptive activities against 4 insect species, and showed potential as a larval growth inhibitor, sterilant and antifeedant in laboratory tests.

Angiosperm diversity of Sonbhadra District, Uttar Pradesh: Cell Structure of Holarrhena antidysenterica: Tissue culture of Holarrhena pubescens through nodal and shoot-segment explants has been successful.