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Varactor Diodes are available at Mouser Electronics. Mouser offers inventory, pricing, & datasheets for Varactor Diodes. Modulación con diodo varactor. La figura muestra el diagrama de un generador más práctico de FM que usa un diodo varactor, para desviar la frecuencia. [a] Il diodo Varactor a giunzione lineare In particular, the diode In has a CT of- 1 pF La capacità di transizione è tanto maggiore quanto – 1 pF.

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This reduces the overall capacitance and the capacitance range by half, but has the advantage of reducing the AC component of voltage across each device and has symmetrical distortion should the AC component possess enough amplitude to bias the varicaps into forward conduction. Sometimes, with very high-Q tuned circuits, an inductor is placed in series with the resistor to increase the source impedance of the control voltage so as not to load the tuned circuit and decrease its Q.

Retrieved 23 January Microelectronic circuits 6th ed. Special types of varicap diode diiodo an varavtor change in capacitance can often be found in consumer equipment such as television tuners, which are used to switch radio frequency signal paths. In some applications, such as harmonic multiplicationa large signal amplitude alternating voltage is applied across a varicap to deliberately vary diodoo capacitance at signal rate to generate higher harmonics, which are extracted through filtering.

All diodes exhibit this variable junction capacitance, but varactors are manufactured to exploit the effect and increase the capacitance variation. Views Read Edit View history. Generally the use of a varicap diode in a circuit requires connecting it to a tuned circuitusually in parallel with any existing capacitance or inductance.


The DC ground is shown as a traditional ground symbol, and the AC ground as an open triangle. Early varicap diodes usually required a reverse voltage range of 0—33 v to obtain their full capacitance ranges, which were still quite small, approximately 1—10 pF. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. All semiconductor junction devices exhibit the effect, so they can be used as varicaps, but their characteristics will not be controlled and can vary widely between batches.

A varactor diode uses a p-n junction in reverse bias and has a structure such that the capacitance of the diode varies with the reverse voltage. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

The amount of reverse bias controls the thickness of the depletion zone and therefore the varactor’s junction capacitance. Another common configuration uses two back-to-back anode to anode varicap diodes.

diodo varactor – English Translation – Word Magic Spanish-English Dictionary

A third circuit, at top right in diagram, uses two faractor varicaps and separate DC and AC signal ground connections. The DC control voltage varies the capacitance of the varactor, retuning the resonant circuit. Thus, the capacitance is inversely proportional to the square root of applied voltage. This helps explain the different names for the device as it came into use.

Mann, “Voltage sensitive semiconductor capacitor”, published 23 Mayissued 20 Juneassigned to Pacific Semiconductors, Inc. Separation of grounds diiodo often done to i prevent high-frequency radiation from the low-frequency ground node, and ii prevent DC currents in the AC ground node changing bias and operating points of active devices such as varicaps and transistors. This depletion layer can also be made of a MOS or a Schottky diode. Vsractor varicap was developed by the Pacific Semiconductor subsidiary of the Ramo Wooldridge Corporation who received a patent dioro the device in June Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.


Schottky diodes find application as rectifiers for high frequency signals.

If a sine wave current of sufficient amplitude is applied driven through a varicap, the resultant voltage gets “peaked” into a more triangular shape, and odd harmonics are generated. Varactors are operated in a reverse-biased state, so no DC current flows through the device. Two lower-capacitance dual varactors used in the FM section which operates at a frequency about one hundred times greater are highlighted by red arrows.

There are no holes minority carriersso the conduction quickly stops upon change to reverse bias. They are often used in pairs to switch between two different RF sources such as the VHF and UHF bands in a television tuner by supplying them with complementary bias voltages.

The junction of a doped semiconductor usually n-type with a metal electrode can produce a very fast-switching diode which is mainly used in high frequency circuits or high speed digital circuits.

Maximum reverse bias voltage is usually between 5 and 7 Volts, before the avalanche process starts conducting. September Learn how and when to remove this template message.

NXP BBY40,215 Varactor, 26pF min, 5:1 Tuning Ratio, 30V, 3-Pin SOT-23 (TO-236AB)

This section does vatactor cite any sources. The second varicap effectively replaces the blocking capacitor in the first circuit. By using varactir site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Under forward bias, the electrons move from the n-type material to the metal and give up their energy quickly. Higher-current devices with greater junction area tend to possess higher capacitance. Schottky Diode Junction of lightly doped n-type semiconductor with a metal electrode.