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COMBAHEE RIVER COLLECTIVE STATEMENT PDF

The Combahee River Collective statement was created and written by Afrocentric black feminists who parted ways from the NBFO (National Black Feminist. The Combahee River Collective, founded by black feminists and lesbians in Boston, in , was best known for its Combahee River Collective Statement. The Combahee River Collective Statement. Combahee River Collective (). We are a collective of Black feminists who have been meeting together since.

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The action freed more than slaves and is the only military campaign in American history planned and led by a woman.

Combahee River Collective – Wikipedia

As an early group member once said, “We are all damaged people merely by virtue of being Black women. As we grew older we became aware of the threat of physical and sexual abuse by men. But we do not have the misguided notion that it is their maleness, per se—i. After a period of months of not meeting, we began to meet again late in the year and started doing an intense variety of stattement.

The material conditions of most Black women would hardly lead them to upset both economic and sexual arrangements that seem to represent some stability in their lives. The Collective’s name was suggested by Smith, who owned a book called: As children we realized that we were different from boys and that we were treated differently.

We also were contacted at that time by socialist feminists, with whom we had worked on abortion rights activities, who wanted to encourage us to attend the National Socialist Feminist Conference in Yellow Springs. As feminists we do not want to mess over people in the irver of politics. No one before has ever examined the multilayered texture of Black women’s lives.

The Statement is clear that: Many Black women have a good understanding of both sexism and racism in their lives, but because of the everyday constrictions on their lives cannot risk struggling against them both.

We are committed vombahee a continual examination of our politics as they develop through criticism and self-criticism as an essential aspect of our practice.

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The Combahee River Collective Statement

The major source of difficulty in our political work is that we are not just trying to fight oppression on one front or even two, but instead to address a whole range of oppressions.

We also often find it difficult to separate race from class from sex oppression because in our lives they are most often experienced simultaneously. Office of Personnel Management Massachusetts v. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Combahee River Collective Statement

Beyond what they saw as their lack of privilege of marginalized people, CRC believed they were more at stake organizing for their statemment. We might use our position at the bottom, however, to make a clear leap into revolutionary action.

We have arrived at the necessity for developing an understanding of class relationships that takes into account the specific riverr position of Black women who are generally marginal in the labor force, while at this particular time some of us are temporarily viewed as doubly desirable tokens at white-collar and professional levels.

Accusations that Black feminism divides the Black struggle are powerful deterrents to the growth of an autonomous Black women’s movement. Grant believes the CRC was most important in the “emergence of coalition politics in the late s and early s [ We exists as women who are Black who are feminists, each stranded for the moment, working independently because there is not yet an environment in this society remotely congenial to our struggle—because, being coollective the bottom, we would have to do what no one else has done: The psychological toll of being a Black woman and the difficulties this presents in reaching political consciousness and doing political work can never be underestimated.

Smith and the Combahee River Collective have been credited with coining the term identity politics, which they defined as “a politics that grew out of our objective material experiences as Black women.

Many of us were active in those movements Civil Rights, Black nationalism, the Black Panthersand all of our lives Were greatly affected and changed by their ideologies, their goals, and the tactics sttement to achieve their goals.

The Black feminist political analysis and practice the Combahee River Collective had developed since enabled us to grasp both the sexual-political and racial-political implications of the murders and positioned us to be the link between the various communities that were outraged: That was a big risk for us, a big leap to identify ourselves in something that we knew was going to be widely distributed. In the case of Black women this is a particularly repugnant, dangerous, threatening, and therefore revolutionary concept because it is obvious from looking at all the political movements that have preceded us that anyone colective more worthy of liberation than ourselves.

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Wells Barnett, and Mary Church Terrell, and thousands upon thousands unknown—who have had a shared awareness of how their sexual identity combined with their racial identity to make their whole life situation and the focus of their political struggles unique.

Having an event to respond to and to collectively organize around gave them a cause to focus on Retrieved from ” https: We also decided around that time to become an independent collective since we had serious disagreements with NBFO’s bourgeois-feminist stance and their lack of a clear collwctive focus. InBlack feminists, primarily located in New York, felt the necessity of forming a separate Black feminist group.

Women of Color Statemment, Inc. Interview with Susan Goodwillie. The second retreat was held in November in Franklin Township, New Jerseyand the third and fourth were scheduled for March and July We will discuss four major topics in the paper that follows: Here is the way male and female roles were defined in a Black nationalist pamphlet from the early s:.

We are not convinced, however, that a socialist revolution that is not also a feminist and anti-racist revolution will guarantee our liberation. Issues and projects that collective members have actually worked on are sterilization abuse, abortion rights, battered women, rape and health care.

The Combahee River Collective Statement was separated into four separate chapters: The Combahee Collective was large and fluid throughout its history.