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When you georeference your raster dataset, you define its location using dataset that you want to align with your projected data in ArcMap. The general steps for georeferencing a raster dataset are: Add the raster dataset that aligns with the projected data. – Add control points that link known raster. This tutorial will explain how to georeference a raster image in ArcGIS so it can then be used as an overlay or for digitizing purposes. In this example, a historic.

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Transforming the raster When you’ve created enough control points, you can transform the raster dataset to the map adcmap of the target data. The residual shows you the error in the same units as the data frame spatial reference.

Deletes all the control points. When only four links are used, the RMS error will be zero. Check this box to show the inverse residuals and inverse RMS error in the link table. The number of links you need to create depends on the complexity of the transformation you plan to use to transform the raster dataset to map coordinates.

Procedure The general steps for georeferencing a raster dataset are: The spline transformation is a true rubber sheeting method and optimizes for local accuracy but not global accuracy.

Overview of georeferencing—ArcGIS Pro | ArcGIS Desktop

Georeferencing is a process by which a raster dataset image without spatial reference can be matched with a layer that does have spatial reference. You can georeference a raster dataset, a raster layer that contains raster functions, an image service, xrcmap a mosaic layer.

Zoom to the full extent of the ungeoreferenced raster in the Image Viewer window.


This displays the raster dataset in the same area as the target layers. For example, if your target data only occupies one-quarter of the area of your raster dataset, the points you could use to align the raster dataset would be confined to that area of overlap. If you want to zoom in farther, you can click this tool multiple times. If you ggeoreference have one monitor available, you can use the Reposition button to divide your screen evenly for each window.

Selects and highlights a link within the display. Veoreference raster data allows it to be viewed, queried, and analyzed with your other geographic data. Zoom to the area you will use for georeferencing your image. The connection between one control point on the raster dataset the from point and the corresponding control point on the aligned target data the to point is a control point pair.


Generally, the greater the overlap between the raster dataset and target data, the better the alignment results, because you’ll have more widely spaced points with which to georeference the raster dataset. With a minimum geoeference three control points, the mathematical equation used with a first-order transformation can exactly map each raster point to the target location.

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Use a first-order or affine transformation to shift, scale, and rotate a raster dataset. Projective requires a minimum of four control points.

Georeferencing a raster to a vector—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

Press and hold the X keyboard shortcut. Repeat these steps using points from around your map. When working with two raster aecmap, open the Effects toolbar and adjust the transparency or turn layers on and georefrence in the table of contents to view each image as links are added. The source raster must be in a relatively close geographic location in order for the autoregistration to work.


None c-gis c-gis Delete Enter labels to add to this page: It is built on an algorithm that combines a polynomial transformation and triangulated irregular network TIN interpolation techniques.

Disable vector snapping while pressed down. Adding more control points can increase overall accuracy of the spline transformation. It also creates a world file for. Control points are locations that can be accurately identified on geogeference raster dataset and in real-world coordinates. Please rate your online support experience with Esri’s Support website. It is based on a spline function, a piecewise polynomial that maintains continuity and smoothness between adjacent polynomials.

Centers and zooms in to a selected link. When you georeference your raster data, you define its location using map coordinates and assign the coordinate system of the map frame. Rescales the source layer.

Georeferencing a raster to a vector

In these cases you will need to use accurate location data to align or georeference your raster data to a map coordinate system. The goal of the least-squares fitting algorithm is to derive a general formula that can be applied to all points, usually at the expense of slight movement of the to positions of the control points.

To see all the datasets, adjust their order in the table of contents. The polynomial transformation uses a polynomial built on control points and a least-squares fitting LSF algorithm. Choose how many sampling blocks to use while autoregistering your raster dataset.

Check this box to automatically show the user where the system thinks the corresponding to-point should be.